India’s Struggle For Independence by Bipan Chandra

Co-authors: Mridula Mukherjee, Aditya Mukherjee, Sucheta Mahajan, K.M. Panikkar

This is a book I would recommend to anyone who wants to understand the Indian Freedom movement in depth. At over 600 pages with tons of detail, it may seem heavy but is well worth the read.


The style of the book is such that it isn’t strictly chronological. Rather, some chapters trace the entire history and evolution of a particular issue. For instance, the chapter on freedom of the press starts analysis from mid-1800s to the time of independence. Similarly for labour rights, social reforms, etc. This is insightful and way better than just studying what happened in which year without comprehending the reasons (i.e. the school textbooks method). I ended up discovering a lot of new things that aren’t usually given the importance that is due.

Is the writing biased ? I wouldn’t say so. To me, biased writing would be if the author ignored the opposing views on the issue and presented only the good. That hasn’t been done here. For an issue or a decision, both sides have been presented first and then the author has given his reasons for defending one side. The way I look at it, since both sides have been presented, you can always choose to agree or disagree with the author’s defense.

Apart from a few minor typos, the only problem I would point out is that there is not a single photograph. None ! One of the most fascinating things about reading history is that the photographs have a much bigger impact than anything else. I still love going through old pictures of my city because that gives a perspective that words simply cannot. There are several iconic photos of the freedom movement that everyone is familiar with but because all the authors are historians who have spent their lives on this, surely they would have some unique photos to offer ?

Because it is so well-researched, the number of quotes and anecdotes you get are amazing. Each and every one of them raises the respect you have for the leaders. I have listed a few of my favourites below

On the Vernacular Press Act (1878) which targeted the vernacular newspapers for censorship 


On Bhagat Singh 


Gopal Krishna Gokhale on the role of the moderates 


 Have you read this book ? Planning to read it ? Do you agree about the photos part ? 


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